Human rights conditions in the Somaliland reflect multiple and conflicting trends. The government is led by the president Ahmed Silanyo , who is one of the remnants of communist era. Whose rule breaches state Constitution and universal declaration of human rights, and judicial branches was wrongfully misused and totally violating the democratic standards and principles, while UNDP have a failed grade “f”to build Somaliland judicial controversial and handicapped system .the judicial chaos, confusion and bribery remains norms and mores. On the other hand, legislative branch of government lack real power to check the abuse of power. The Somaliland Constitution guarantees many rights, including the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, demonstration, and minority rights. However, the government restricts these rights in practice and remains on papers.
Many Somalilanders and outside observers suggest that sustainability requires architecture of responsive governance and that hold accountable; to provide access to justice and the rule of law; to ensure some minimum foundation of economic viability and opportunity; to inspire the trust of regional neighbors; and to earn at least the tacit confidence of the Somaliland people. Yet today, the practice of governance in Somaliland is more accurately characterized as tribalized rule: everyone loses, and indeed many risks, but the exercise of governance, in general, neither predictable nor based on the rule of law.
Contain substantial detail on the continuing lack of progress in curbing governmental corruption. The report assesses that political interference and other factors such as tribal and family relationships regularly thwart the efforts of anticorruption institution, Somaliland parliaments had been accused to the executive branch official’s misappropriation of public funds, money laundering, impartial distribution of wealth; the investments were corrupted includes; Somaliland Business Fund and their employees was found guilt of hoax, scam, fraud and theft and that was passed due date to beneficiaries. Development Fund, International aid, investment were influence exercised over it by the president relatives and their tribal based bank. Somaliland government has a failed to cover the basic needs and basic services for 22 years, due to poor political, economical and social administration.
Another even more pernicious corruption, not only in the sense of individual rent-seeking behaviors, but more broadly in the sense of the pervasive, voracious contestation for political and economic power and influence, which consistently Cannibalizes the Somaliland
Years of relatively indiscriminate spending by the international community led to an array of unproductive or counterproductive results, including an inability to track money spent; lack of government financial reporting. The flow of assistance funds out of the country; the absence of labor act; investment in systems or components that Somaliland did not want or could not sustain; and the empowerment of “thugs
Ongoing Human rights Issues, concerns and questions. As discussed above, major, ongoing human rights violations in Somaliland include the following: excessive use of violence by security forces and their proxies; political and media assassinations ,unlawful and abusive detention; torture and punishments; poor conditions in prison facilities; denial of fair public trials; arbitrary arrest; arbitrary interference with privacy and midnight RRU police home raid brutality and property destructions without compensation, arbitrary use of state security laws against political dissidents; Other violations include harassment, labor discrimination .
Sool and Buhoodle genocide made by the current administration that was left behind mass graves and unfolded in a region marked by other complex security and humanitarian challenges but its actions—which include massacres, mass abductions, sexual assault, and looting—have caused significant human suffering and instability. But it is almost certain that two of these regions will remain on list of the poorest areas on the Somaliland. Exacerbating their difficulties will be the fact that the national borders drawn by the colonial powers in the Nineteenth Century bear little relation to tribal and linguistic realities even genocidal disasters. These regions are extremely needed peace keepers to liberated fractious rebel coalition.
The nature of current civil war is based on conflict of resources fuelling by the Genel Energy Corporation backing British Petroleum BP. BP invasion on Somaliland natural resources. Genel Energy and BP are two faces of the same coin. as sub-state tribal groups struggle for power and control among themselves
Rural Community are suffering from Genel Energy deforestation and degradation of grassing land without considering the land management. hydraulic fracturing impact has been killed wildlife(Birds) as evidence were seen. Baligubadle,Burco, Harshin. The chemical materials containing hazardous substances (helium gas) .The party (Genel Energy) who discharge oil or release a hazardous substance was ignored to report the incident to the somaliland community, when quantity of the discharge or release exceeds international allowable amounts. high-volume hydraulic fracturing—both in rural and more populated areas—has generated environmental risks due to its damage scale and impacts on land and water resources, air quality, communities, and grassland. Water quality issues , the potential risks associated with well stimulation by hydraulic fracturing have been at the forefront. Complaints of contaminated well water have emerged in various areas where genel energy was operating.
the forensic investigation revealed that the Genel Energy hydraulic fracturing chemicals was major causes of environmental impacts including wildlife death and there is growing reports from the community living in the area of genel operating environments related biodiversity endangered. The hazardous substances were caused tremendous environmental impact “The responsible party is “Genel energy” releaser of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant into the environment. And there is no environmental act treated to hazardous waste generators and transporters, and owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, disposal, facilities
Therefore, we did express our concerns and recommends; an independent committee is needed from the international community to conduct a comprehensive Environmental Impacts, Response, Compensation, and Liability. the International community to held accountable and take legal action against Britain and EU bribery to the Somaliland officials, and throwing fund into corrupted zones, In order to gain economic advantages, and violation of the United Nations “ codes of conduct” and WTO legal standards
The following, some of which are discussed at greater length elsewhere in this report, represent a wide range of human rights problems committed by the Somaliland
- Continuing instances of harassment and intimidation, brutality of security forces, arrest, and unlawful detentions of protesters, journalists, dissidents, and conspiracy and other missions above the law.
- Unlawful killings of persons in state custody. Habitual RRU unlawful killings targeting civilian protectors. Unlawful arrest of Somaliland lawyers association officials.
- Physical abuse and the use of unusual treatment torture by the state against domestic journalists detainees,
- Sporadic reports of coercive other related, unlawful government actions against women.
- Strict controls over and punishments for public speech, discussion, and reporting of politically sensitive topics, such as the unchained some of the al-shabaab, and pirates prisoners.
- Absence of labor act , presence of forced labor, child labor, and labor minimum wages and maximum hours, and lack of safety and health protections; and unwillingness to use of labor standards for protectionist purposes;
- Oppressive act against the political parties to express their grievances freely, publicly, peacefully, and with fear of retribution(assassination or conspiracy)
- the exploitation of children in the workplace “child labor”
- Increases minority killings without compensation.
What kind of durable stability can be achieved in a system based in part on self interested Powerbrokers largely unconstrained by accountability mechanisms? What impact might relatively unchecked corruption have in the short run on security and economic development?
To what extent do alternative voices in Somaliland—including civil society, the private sector, the media, and traditional local authority structures—have the potential to contribute to a system of checks and balances by which the Somaliland people can hold government accountable? In particular, how important is the protection of women to that emerging system? To what extent if any, and in what ways, might the international community support the further development of such voices?
Collecting data on reported incidents
Somaliland Human right journlist
Ahmed Ali Abdi